Free Agents In Basketball And Hockey Are Anything But Free

Where do teams get their money? 

It is a busy day in the National Hockey League’s world as free agents, who are just free because they completed contractual obligations to a former employer but they won’t work for free, can sign with a new boss if they so choose or return to the old boss. It is also the beginning of the National Basketball Association’s free agent season. Nothing free about those NBA players some of whom can command hundreds of millions of dollars or loonies. Just when did sports salaries become so high and how did it happen.

You have to go back to the 1980s when cable television was struggling financial and when there was talk about a revision of the United States tax code. In 1984, Congress and President Ronald Reagan changed the rules and created what was in effect cable TV consumer socialism and tiering. Tier one was basic and gave consumers all of the local stations in the market but tier two or basic expanded was where money was to be made. Struggling ESPN became profitable as everyone who wanted basic extended cable had to take ESPN whether the customer watched the programming or not. Regional sports cable networks started and teams all of a sudden had a new money source which the players noticed. Salaries started to increase. The most expensive programming on cable TV is the presentation of games and customers play high monthly fees for games whether they watch the programming or not. The Reagan signed bi-partisan 1986 tax code revision also helped owners and players. If a municipality wanted a team, they could offer a team owner a stadium and or an arena and the owner could walk away with 92 percent of the venue revenue under the right set of circumstances. The players noticed that a new revenue source was created and they got their share.

Photo: AP Photo/Jeff Chiu
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